Sunday, April 23, 2017

Tenth and newest of the Mutual-Chaplin Specials -- April 23, 2017

Moving Picture World, 21-April-1917
"Tenth and newest of the Mutual-Chaplin Specials Depicting Charlie's visit to a health resort."  I remember a local Public Television station, KQED-Channel 9, playing "The Cure" during the 1970s.  I don't remember why they showed it, but I loved it. 

Moving Picture World, 21-April-1917
An ad from Mutual says "The public is eagerly waiting for its screening, as newspapers all over the country have mentioned its coming."

Moving Picture World, 21-April-1917
"The theater man needs no special 'stunt' to attract the crowds when Charlie is the headliner -- all he needs is to make a big display of the name Charlie Chaplin to let the people know the time and the place they will all be there.  Chaplin's name is sufficient -- the people themselves will do the rest." 

Moving Picture World, 14-April-1917
A capsule biography repeats the rumor that Chaplin was born in France.  He was not. 

Moving Picture World, 07-April-1917
An ad for Globe Ventilators uses Chaplin's image.  "Even Chas. Chaplin, Esq., cannot fill your Theatre this summer if it is close, hot and stuffy." 

Friday, April 21, 2017

Surpasses Anything Yet Produced in Serials -- April 21, 2017

Moving Picture World, 07-April-1917
The Wharton Brothers produced Patria, a fifteen-chapter serial starring Irene Castle, for William Randolph Hearst.  Warner Oland, who made a career out of playing Asian parts, was a Japanese spy.  Baron Huroki and his spy ring wants to destroy American munitions plants, many of which are owned by Patria Channing, who was played by Irene Castle.  Milton Sills is a Secret Service agent who is after the spy ring.  At one point in the serial, the Japanese ally with Mexico to attack the United States.  While the film was being released, President Woodrow Wilson learned about the themes of the film and asked the producers to change the nationalities of many of the characters.

Irene Castle had become famous, with her husband Vernon, as a ballroom dancer.  He left the act in early 1916 to return to his native Britain, where he joined the Royal Flying Corps.  He was a successful pilot, earning the Croix de Guerre.  He was sent to Canada and then the United States to train new pilots.  He died in a flying accident in 1918.

Moving Picture World, 07-April-1917
 Patria gets a Japanese villain out of her airplane by performing a volplane, a steep, downward dive. 

Moving Picture World, 14-April-1917
Some of Irene Castle's portraits look very modern. 

Moving Picture World, 14-April-1917
"Modern warfare in its every phase with the use of armored 'tanks,' dirigible balloons, aeroplanes, big guns, trenches, gas masks, as (gas? -- JT) attacks, liquid fire, barbed wire entanglements, etc." 

Moving Picture World, 21-April-1917
In this portrait, she looks more of her time.  It must be the silly hat. 

Moving Picture World, 28-April-1917
Here she looks contemporary. 

Wednesday, April 19, 2017

Every Woman in the World Will Demand to See It -- April 19, 2017

Moving Picture World, 21-April-1917

In light of recent Congressional efforts to destroy Planned Parenthood, I thought it would be interesting to mention Birth Control, a feature film starring  the lady who popularized the term, Margaret Sanger.  She made a tour of the US in support of the film.

Moving Picture World, 21-April-1917
"The remaining portion of the picture tells the story of the persecution of Mrs Margaret Sanger, including scenes at the clinic where she presided, and where mothers of the poor quarters might apply and be helped..." 

Tuesday, April 18, 2017

Hell Morgan's Girl -- April 18, 2017

Moving Picture World, 03-February-1917

Hell Morgan's Girl was a 1917 film produced by Bluebird Photoplays, a subsidiary of Universal.  The film is set in San Francisco's Barbary Coast, where a young man from a rich family is hired by to play piano in a saloon.  The owner, Hell Morgan, has a daughter, Lola, played by Dorothy Phillips.  The young man and Hell Morgan's Girl fall in love, but Lon Chaney's character, Sleter Noble, wants the girl.  The 1906 fire and earthquake cleans things up at the end.  The film is probably lost.

Moving Picture World, 10-February-1917
"Lavishly produced; thrilling scenes of the great San Francisco earthquake; life in the resorts in the famous Barbary Coast District of the city by the Golden Date."  The movie was released on a State's Rights basis, selling the rights to each region of the country to local distributors.

Moving Picture World, 17-February-1917
"This is
'Hell Morgan's
You Doubt Her
You Accuse Her
You Pity Her
You Condemn Her
You Hate Her
You Love Her
She's Wonderful

Moving Picture World, 24-February-1917
"After selling valuable state rights territory on this unusual production all negotions were withdrawn owing to the insistent demands of BLUEBIRD exchange managers, who will release it as a BLUEBIRD special release."  Universal withdrew the movie from State's Right distribution and released through the Bluebird distribution channels as a special.

Moving Picture World, 03-March-1917
"'Hell Morgan's Girl' ... Now a Bluebird."

Moving Picture World, 24-March-1917
A late reference to the movie.  I like the Bluebird in the cage.

The movie appears to be lost. 

Monday, April 17, 2017

Great Electric Sign on the Ince Studios -- April 17, 2017

Moving Picture World, 21-April-1917
I used to read a lot about Thomas Ince in film history books.  He was known for having a big ego, even by Hollywood standards.  He deserved to be proud of his accomplishments as a writer, a director and a producer.  He was one of the principals of the Triangle Film Corporation.  The electric sign towered over his studio, Inceville. 

Sunday, April 16, 2017

Happy Easter, 2017 -- April 16, 2017
Happy Easter, everyone. Lillian Roth acted and sang on Broadway and in movies.  She appeared in The Love Parade with Maurice Chevalier and Jeanette MacDonald and Animal Crackers with the Marx Brothers.  Alcoholism ruined her career.  She wrote a memoir, I'll Cry Tomorrow, which was made into a popular movie. 

Saturday, April 15, 2017

An All Doll Cast -- April 15, 2017

Moving Picture World, 28-April-1917
I have not been able to find out much about the Peter Pan Film Corporation and its Mo-Toy Comedies, but the movies appear to use object animation.  I was never very good at drawing, so I have always been partial to object animation. 

Moving Picture World, 24-February-1917
Two months earlier, the producer is identified as Toyland Films, Inc. 

Moving Picture World, 24-February-1917
They are certainly the same movies.  "In the Jungle" is listed in the April ad.  A scene in the February ad must be from "Jimmy Gets the Pennant." 

Thursday, April 13, 2017

She Stood in the Path of the Man She Loved -- April 13, 2017

Moving Picture World, 21-April-1917
Viola Dana was a popular star who appeared in her first movie in 1910, when she was 13.  "She stood in the path of the man she loved and sought the wrong way out" was the tagline for God's Law and Man's.  She played Amela, an Anglo-Indian girl who gets married to an Englishman. 

Tuesday, April 11, 2017

Grauman's Chinese -- Shirley Temple -- April 11, 2017

In July, 2012 we paid a return visit to Hollywood and Grauman's Chinese Theater.  Sid Grauman was a San Francisco showman who came to Los Angeles and built three major houses, the Million Dollar, the Egyptian, and the Chinese. The theater has hosted many film premieres, but is most famous for the hand and footprints (and hoofprints and nose prints and other types of prints) in the forecourt.

Child actress Shirley Temple left her hand and footprints on 14-March-1935.  The next month she would turn  seven.  Immediately above her is fellow child star Freddie Bartholomew and to his left is Jane Withers, who also acted when she was a child.  Shirley Temple went on to serve as a diplomat.

Sunday, April 9, 2017

Should Husbands Pay? -- April 9, 2017

Film Daily, 22-August-1926

"Should Husbands Pay?" was a short comedy produced by Hal Roach, directed by F Richard Jones and Stan Laurel, and released by Pathé.  The film starred James Finlayson, who is best-remembered for supporting Laurel and Hardy. 

A note at the bottom of this ad says that it is a cornerblock provided to theaters to use in newspaper advertising.

Thursday, April 6, 2017

Don Rickles, RIP -- April 7, 2017
I was sad to learn of the passing of Mr Warmth, Don Rickles.  He enlisted in the Navy straight out of high school in 1944 and served on a PT boat tender, USS Cyrene (AGP-13).  After he was discharged in 1946, he attended the American Academy of Dramatic Arts.  He couldn't find much work, so he started to perform stand up comedy.  People enjoyed his put-downs of hecklers, so he became an insult comic.

His dramatic training came in handy when he began to get supporting parts in movies.
Appropriately for a Navy man, his first movie was Run Silent, Run Deep with Clark Gable and Burt Lancaster.  Good movie.
I remember when he starred in the television series CPO Sharkey.  Also appropriate for a Navy man.
 He made new generations of fans as Mr Potato Head in Toy Story and its plethora of sequels. 

Can You Find the 20 Mistakes In This Story? -- The Answers -- April 6, 2017

Photoplay, October, 1930

I didn't get #10.  #11 was interesting. 

Wednesday, April 5, 2017

Why Our Film Capital is Air-Minded -- April 5, 2017

The International Photographer, June, 1930
This article, from the June, 1930 International Photographer, talks about the popularity of aviation in Southern California.  The International Alliance of Theatrical Stage Employees and Motion Picture Machine Operators were having a convention in the area. 

Why Our Film Capital is Air-Minded
Delegates to the I. A. T. S. E. Take Notice) 
Written for The International Photographer by WILLIAM WAGNER, 
Curtis Wright Flying Service 

In no section of the country has aviation development been more marked than in Southern California.

So often has this statement been made that it seems unnecessary to repeat it again here, but in spite of the wide publicity given aeronautical progress in this section, the great majority has not yet been fully appraised of the rapid strides made here.

With pride California points to the fact that this state is easily the leader in number of pilots, mechanics and licensed aircraft, but with greater pride does Los Angeles County remind the rest of the world that more than two-thirds of the state's aviation activity is concentrated in this area.

Of the state's 2076 licensed pilots, 1461 licensed mechanics and 1476 licensed aircraft, approximately 70 per cent are in Los Angeles County.

By no means has this section's rapid growth been wholly in the actual opertion of aircraft, for last year a total of $5,500,000 in aeronautical products were produced in the county. At the present time there are 18 airplane and 11 aircraft engine manufacturing companies engaged in business here.

In the transportation of passengers, mail and express by air, Southern California has fully contributed its share in developing this phase of the industry. Every day 19 scheduled commercial runs are made in and out of Los Angeles. The planes used on these airlines are flown 21,000 miles daily, bringing into and taking out of this section a steady stream of rapidly growing air commerce.

Due to climatic conditions principally we have been able to accomplish much which would not be possible to undertake in any other section of the country.

Particularly has this advantage been shown in the development of our splendid airports and in the training of students. In this line have our own organizations -- Curtiss-Wright Flying Service and Grand Central Air Terminal -- been unusually active.

Of the county's 67 airports and landing fields, none is better equipped or more active than Grand Central, which is ideally situated with relation to downtown Los Angeles. Due to a great extent to the operation from this field of T. A. T.-Maddux Air Lines, this airport now handles approximately one-fourth of all scheduled air transport operation in the country.

This modern air terminal, owned by the Curtiss-Wright Airports Corps., is also the headquarters in Southern California of Curtiss-Wright Flying Service, the world's oldest flying organization, which operates 42 bases throughout the country.

During 1929, Los Angeles county's five leading airports spent in excess of $1,500,000 each on new developments. Grand Central during February of this year celebrated the opening of its new $150,000 terminal station on the airport.

At Los Angeles Airport, the municipal field, Curtis-Wright Flying Service conducts its flying school, which holds the government's highest approved rating. This school has just been approved by federal immigration authorities as an institution of learning for alien students, placing it on the same level with leading universities and colleges. This is the first aviation school in the country to receive this sanction.

In Los Angeles County there are now more than 1600 registered aviation students, with every indication pointing to a rapid increase in this number during the summer months. Due to its excellent climatic conditions and geographical location, Southern California bids fair to become an international aviation training ground.

Already a steady flow of aviation students are coming to this section for advanced flight training from Central and South America, Mexico and Canada, as well as from Japan and China across the Pacific.

One of the most novel and successful experiments in stimulating the use of air travel was recently put into effect by Curtiss-Wright Flying Service at Grand Central Air Terminal.

This new idea, credited to the fertile brain of Major C. C. Moseley, vice-president and general manager in the west for Curtiss-Wright, is now the much-talked of "Penny-a-Pound" flights.

Knowing that once people have made an initial flight in an airplane they are almost certain to be won over to this newest and most rapid method of transportation, Curtiss-Wright put into effect new low rates of "penny-a-pound" for men and a flat $1 for women and children for short scenic flights.

During a single month nearly 5000 persons were carried at these novel low rates, without the slightest mishap of any nature, nor a single report of air-sickness.

Due principally to the interest shown by Col. Charles A. Lindbergh during his and Mrs. Lindbergh's recent visit to Southern California, glider flying has shown rapid progress during the past few months. Today the county boasts more than a dozen glider clubs, composed of from 10 to 30 active members in each club.

Not only is this section favored with a semi-tropical climate, which makes flying and student training throughout the year possible, but high winds that prevail in other states are almost unknown. Records of the local weather bureau reveal that the highest wind ever recorded here was 48 miles per hour, and that in January forty-seven years ago.

Aviation in Southern California is now represented in all of its phases by four of the dominant groups in the industry -- Curtiss-Wright, Western Air Express, United Aircraft and Detroit Aircraft. In addition there are a great many smaller concerns who are doing their share to see that this state maintains its impressive leadership of America's Fastest Growing Industry.

The International Photographer, June, 1930

Monday, April 3, 2017

Can You Find the 20 Mistakes In This Story? -- April 3, 2017

Photoplay, October, 1930
I used the photo from this article for this year's April Fool's Day post:

I will post the answers another day.  

Can You Find the 20 Mistakes In This Story? 
By Michael Woodward

 MR. CHAPLIN," began the interviewer, who had gone up to Charlie's home to interrogate the comedian about his life and work, "I wish you'd tell me some things about your new picture." "Ah, yes; my new picture, 'The Lights of the City,' " replied Chaplin, in that deep bass voice that goes so oddly with his diminutiveness of stature. He paused a moment or two, as though thinking of how to begin. Repeatedly he stroked a hand over his dark red hair, and occasionally tweaked nervously at that famous moustache of his.

"Well, with what shall I begin?" he resumed. "Shall I tell you, first, that I am hopeful that it will be by far the best thing I have ever done -- even finer than my last picture, 'The Kid '?"

"Yes, I remember that," said the interviewer, "that grand comedy that made little Davey Lee so famous. And tell me, are you using some child actor extensively, as you did in 'The Kid,' in this new film of yours?"

No. No. The action in my new story revolves principally around three characters -- myself, a millionaire played by Harry Myers, and the blind flower girl played by Georgia Hale."

THE interviewer recalled, as Chaplin talked, that Miss Hale was the leading lady, too, in "The Gold Rush" -- and also that Charlie has been seen with her quite frequently, and has admitted he hopes to marry her as his second matrimonial venture.

Charlie flipped another cigarette into the fireplace -- he had been lighting one from the other -- and went on:

"You know, this new picture of mine will be a very interesting experiment, in these talkie days. I do not like talkies. You know that. And so this new picture will be completely voiceless. There will be not a word! I am anxious to see what the public reaction will be -- and I know several big men of the picture industry are watching also. If the picture is as good, though, as the script reads, I can ask nothing more."

"You mean," interrupted the interviewer, "that there will be no sound whatever with the film?"

"Oh, yes -- there will be synchronized music, vou understand. With the orchestra-less theaters of today, we have had to synchronize a musical soundtrack on the film. The music has been written by Sergei Stenvich, the Russian."

CHARLIE paused again, and then his brown eyes twinkled as his thoughts turned, in one of those mental acrobaticisms of his, from his picture and its possibilities to the relaxation he contemplates.

"I'm going abroad this fall, after the picture is released." In his exhilaration, that slight French accent of his was intensified. He was born in Paris, you know -- Paris, where he has always been known as Chariot. "I've never been abroad since I came to America, and I'm anxious to see Europe again."

"I suppose you'll visit your old school?"

"Yes. I was educated at the Sorbonne, and I want to visit it again to see how my present reactions compare with my memories of the old days there," explained Chaplin.

And at this point, the pretty little maid came in to announce that Jim Tully, that famous author-friend of Charlie's, was calling again. And knowing that the intimacies of conversation between these two would preclude any further interviewing, the interviewer bade the comedian good-bye, and called it a day.

It developed later that Tully called on his old friend for the purpose of getting some lessons in acting. Tully is now working in one of Jack Gilbert's films, playing the part of a rough and ready sailor man. One of the property boys on the lot told me that Chaplin spent three hours throwing custard pies at Tully's face, teaching him to register astonishment.

READ this through, and see if you can tell all the errors of fact in this imaginative yarn about a Chaplin interview. There are just twenty errors, so you can keep your own score by crediting yourself with five points for each misstatement you recognize. That would make 100 points a perfect score. When you're stumped, turn to the list on page 143 of this issue, and see which mistakes you've missed, if any.

Saturday, April 1, 2017

Charles Chaplin and Mary Pickford in a Scene From Their Famous Co-Starring Picture -- April 1, 2017

Photoplay, October, 1930
"Charles Chaplin and Mary Pickford in a scene from rheir famous co-starring picture, 'Dust and Ashes of Embers of Dreams," one of the earlier film productions of Amos Wark Griffith." 

Friday, March 31, 2017

Lonesome Luke Comedies Were Good as One Reelers: They Are Great in Two Reels -- March 31, 2017

Moving Picture World, 03-March-1917
Rolin was a company founded by Hal Roach and Dan Linthicum. Harold Lloyd was their first comedy star. Bebe Daniels was their cute leading lady and Snub Pollard was Snub Pollard.

Two reel comedies were more prestigious than one reelers.  They also cost more than twice as much and took more than twice as long to produce.  They were a bigger risk. 

Wednesday, March 29, 2017

Max Linder Has Convulsed a Nation With Laughter -- March 29, 2017

Moving Picture World, 17-March-1917
Meanwhile, back at Essanay, partner George Spoor was looking for a comedian to take Charlie Chaplin's place.  He signed international star Max Linder.  Linder had appeared in early Pathé slapstick comedies in France. He became a major star before World War One.  There is some confusion about what he did in the war, but he was wounded or became seriously ill and newspapers reported that he had died.  This was not true, but the French film industry, the most powerful in the world before the war, had mostly shut down.  Max took the offer from Essanay and came to America, signing a deal to make six short films.  The first two did poorly and the third did only a little better, so that was the end of the series.

Moving Picture World, 24-March-1917
 This ad features Chicago's McVicker's Theater.  I like the "I" on the marquee. 

Moving Picture World, 24-March-1917
After making the second movie, Max left Chicago for the Coast.  He said he needed more room. 

Moving Picture World, 24-March-1917
Pathé continued to re-release Max's French productions. 

Moving Picture World, 31-March-1917
"He coins money for you through his tremendous drawing power." 

Moving Picture World, 31-March-1917
"In salubrious California, Max Linder is now concocting his Essanay 'Barrel of Fun No. 3.'"  I think this became "Max in a Taxi." 

Monday, March 27, 2017

Dorothy Davenport: Her Life and Career -- March 27, 2017

This post is part of the Early Women Filmmakers Blogathon, hosted by Fritzi at Movies Silently (  Fritzi says that "It’s time to give these talented women their moment in the sun and the Early Women Filmmakers Blogathon aims to do just that. This is a topic that is dear to my heart and I am just tickled pink to be hosting!"
There was a time when a married lady did not have her own name.  Some readers have heard of Princess Michael of Kent.  I used to think her first name was Michael.  When Baroness Marie Christine von Reibnitz married Queen Elizabeth II's first cousin Prince Michael of Kent, she became Princess Michael of Kent. If she had been of royal instead of merely aristocratic birth, she would have been Princess Marie Christine.

British actress Beatrice Tanner was billed as Mrs Patrick Campbell for her entire career, which went on for forty years after her husband died in 1900.   She was the first person to play Eliza Doolittle in George Bernard Shaw's Pygmallion

I remember when my mother's credit cards and checks were labelled "Mrs (my father's name)."  Those of us who are not royalty have largely abandoned that practice, except for the occasional wedding invitation addressed to "Mr and Mrs (man's name)."

Actress, screenwriter, producer and director Dorothy Davenport was usually billed as Mrs Wallace Reid after her husband died at a tragically young age in 1923. This probably helped to sell the movies she directed, but I will try to avoid calling her Mrs Wallace Reid.  Dorothy Davenport deserves her own name.

Edward Loomis Davenport: A Biography, edited by Edwin Francis Edgett, 1901
©Faber -

Dorothy Davenport was born into a theatrical family.  Her paternal grandparents were Edward Loomis Davenport, who had appeared on stage with Junius Brutus Booth, father of the coward who murdered President Lincoln, and Fanny Vining, a British-born actress. EL died in 1877.  Fanny Vining died in 1891.  When I went to look up Fanny Vining in Edward Loomis Davenport: A Biography, edited by Edwin Francis Edgett, I found this in the index:

Shakespeare's Heroines on the Stage, By Charles Edgar Lewis Wingate, 1895

Their daughter, Fanny Davenport, was a popular leading lady.  Here she is costumed to play Cleopatra in the first American production of Victorien Sardou's play, which had been written for Sarah Bernhardt. She died in 1898.
Classic film fans will recognize EL and Fanny's son, Harry Davenport, who spent the late 1930s and the 1940s playing old men, right up to his death in 1949.  He played the King of France in the Charles Laughton Hunchback of Notre Dame, Grandpa in Meet Me in Saint Louis, the judge in The Story of Alexander Graham Bell, and father of Nick Charles in The Thin Man Goes Home. His theatrical career began in the Nineteenth Century.  He made his first movies during the silent era and also directed.  Harry Davenport was the father of Dorothy Davenport.

Dorothy's mother, Alice Shepphard Davenport, who was Harry's first wife, appeared in many Keystone comedies including "Making a Living," Charlie Chaplin's first film.  She played the mother. 

Moving Picture Magazine, November, 1914
Dorothy (Dot) Davenport was born in 1895.  Her parents divorced the next year.  I haven't found much about her life until she started playing small parts in Biograph films.  Her first movie listed in the Internet Movie Database was "A Mohawk's Way," directed by DW Griffith and released in 1910. 

Variety, 07-January-1911
By January, 1911, 17 year old (? - born 1895) Dorothy Davenport was working for the Reliance company.  Fanny Davenport was her aunt.

Moving Picture News, 07-October-1911
 By October, 1911, Dorothy Davenport was with the Nestor Film Company.  "Miss Davenport, though still in her teens, is known throughout the theatrical and film world as one of its brightest stars.  She belongs to the famous Davenport family, her father being the favorite actor, Harry Davenport; her aunt was the gifted actress Fanny Davenport; and her grandfather was the renowned tragedian, E. L. Davenport."

Moving Picture News, 28-October-1911
"Alice Davenport, the well-known actress and sketch writer, has been engaged by the Nestor Film Co. to do character parts, and she and her daughter, Dorothy Davenport, leading lady with one of the Nestor companies, are now speeding in the direction of Lower California with fifty more Nestor players."

Moving Picture News, 06-April-1912
Dorothy appeared in "Her Indian Hero" for Nestor.  I will not attempt to explain what is going on in this scene, but it is a little less racist than it appears.  

Moving Picture World, 16-March-1912

Dorothy seemed to move around from studio to studio.

Moving Picture World, 27-July-1912

Dorothy was back with Nestor by July.  "She is much liked by her fellow actors."  Harry Edwards later became a director. 

Someone cleverly cut out a piece of the 31-August-1912 Moving Picture World which explains that the Nestor lot had become part the Hollywood branch of Universal and that Dorothy was playing leads for a company directed by Milton H. Fahrney.  I would like to meet this person and let her or him (probably him) know how grateful I am.  Dorothy made many action films where she got to display her ability on horseback.

Motography, 04-October-1913
While working at Universal, Dorothy met Wallace Reid.  Wally was born in 1891, the son of two actors.  His father was also a playwright.  When his father Hal moved to the movie industry as an actor, writer and director, Wally went along with him.  Wally wanted to be a producer, writer or director, but movie studios wanted to take advantage of his good looks and his athleticism and pushed him to act.

Motography, 01-November-1913
Motion Picture Story Magazine, January, 1914
Variety, 31-October-1913
Motion Picture News, 08-November-1913
 When Dot met Wally, she was impressed by his looks and his ability to ride a horse.  They married in 1913. 

Variety, 26-March-1914
Dorothy took some time off from the movies.  Their first child wasn't born until 1917, so it wasn't because of that.

Reel Life, 23-January-1915
Dot and Wally shared in the social life of the film community.  Dancing was very popular.

Moving Picture World, 24-June-1916
Dorothy's Saint Bernard puppy got killed by a careless truck driver 

Moving Picture News, 08-July-1916
In light of the Reid family's later issues, I thought this Universal two-reeler sounded interesting.  "No. 16 Martin St. combines two significant phases of modern life; one is the rise of the science of criminology, and the other the prevalence of a new vice, the 'dope' evil ... Cleo (Dorothy Davenport) returns for the second show, and finding Audrey alone, pretends that she is a cocaine fiend and begs Audrey to get her some coke." 

Moving Picture News, 05-August-1916
"she frankly admits that her home means more to her than the studio." 

Moving Picture News, 11-November-1916
Red Feather Photo-Plays had ads with nice designs.  I wonder what their movies were like.  Dorothy Davenport got top billing for this one.

Moving Picture News, 09-December-1916

Moving Picture News, 27-January-1917

Despite the loss of her Saint Bernard puppy, Dot had a fine menagerie of "Spitz dogs and Persian cats," who all got along. 

Moving Picture News, 01-January-1917

In late 1916, Universal had Dorothy in short subjects that premiered on November 30, December 10 and December 21. 

Moving Picture News, 24-February-1917
Another nice Red Feather Photo-Plays ad.  The movie got a poor review.

Photoplay, August, 1917

Things seemed good at the Reid family home.  Wally was said to have a drinking problem, but it didn't interfere with his heavy work schedule. 

Wallace Reid, Jr was born on 18-June-1917.  "The proud father states that indications point to a career in the vocal rather than the silent drama for the youngster."  His adopted sister Betty was born in 1919. 

Photoplay, March, 1919

"He plays those with too many millions who always, always get the Girl."  You can see why they always got the Girl.

Photoplay, March, 1919
"Dorothy Davenport is too busy taking care of her frisky young son, William Wallace Reid, Jr., to devote any attention to the screen as far as personal appearances are concerned.  Hope she'll come back some time, though."

Arizona Republican, 06-December-1919
 In 1919, Wally was riding a Southern Pacific train to Oregon to work on The Valley of the Giants, based on a Peter B Kyne story about lumberjacks.  I have not been able to find any contemporary accounts, but sources say that the train had an accident and Wally injured his head.  A doctor had to sew his scalp shut.  Paramount wanted the movie to stay on schedule, so Wally received morphine to help him deal with the pain.

Arizona Republican, 15-August-1920

Wally appeared in eight features in 1919, seven in 1920 and 1921 and eight in 1922.  To keep up the grueling pace, studio doctors kept administering larger and larger doses of morphine.  Among his most popular films were auto racing comedies like Excuse My Dust.

Photoplay, January, 1921
Photoplay Magazine had a page titled "Why-Do-They-Do-It?" "Wallace Reid, in 'What's Your Hurry," gets out of his racing car after driving something like one hundred miles in a race and leans against the exhaust pipe.  The exhaust pipe is sure to be extremely warm after such a drive, yet Wally doesn't seem to notice it."

Motion Picture News, 27-January-1923

Wallace Reid entered a sanitarium in an attempt to kick his drug habit.  He died there on 18-January-1923.

Photoplay, April, 1923
 Dorothy Davenport was left with two small children and a pile of debts.  She quickly made plans to do something about it.  Dorothy was a friend of producer, director and writer Thomas Ince's wife Elinor.  Dorothy and Elinor persuaded Thomas Ince to back an anti-drug movie.

Dorothy, billed as Mrs Wallace Reid, acted in and co-produced Human Wreckage.  She also co-wrote and co-directed it, but was not billed.  The film is believed to be lost.

Photoplay, June, 1923
I found it interesting that people didn't want a "dope" hospital named after Wallace Reid, but then I remembered that there was some controversy about the naming of the Betty Ford Clinic.  I agree with the Photoplay writer: "If Wallace Reid's name could lend any aid to a hospital for drug addicts it would be a noble use.  Nothing on earth is finer than an institution which heals."  However, this is not what Dorothy had in mind: "She is simply appearing in a picture which treats of an enemy of life."

Educational Screen, September, 1923

"Mrs. Wallace Reid's anti-narcotic propaganda picture at least indicates sincerity of purpose."  "(Strictly adult)"

Motion Picture Magazine, October, 1923
I added the bold formatting.  
"When Mrs. Wallace Reid was in New York for the premiere of her 'Human Wreckage,' we were particularly interested in talking to her. That she is clear in her own mind about her course of action against the traffic of drugs, there can be no slight doubt. And, personally, we feel an admiration for anyone who carries on in the way Mrs. Reid has done.

"At a luncheon at which she spoke, she asked people to consider those menaced by drugs in a different light than we have heretofore considered them. She said to try not to think of them as strange and curious beings but as sick people who can undoubtedly be helped. And she urged that we stop referring to them by such vernacular names as 'dope-fiend,' 'hop-head,' etc.

"She spoke of 'Wally' only once, when she explained that her help to the cause must always be a personal one ; whereupon she went on to explain that ignorance of drug conditions was the real menace and that if she had known a year ago what she knows today her history might have been very different. And surely, if Wally's passing and Mrs. Reid's subsequent anti-narcotic work, including 'Human Wreckage,' lessens the toll of drugs then he continues to serve humanity well, even in death."

Educational Screen, September, 1925

Dorothy's next social conscience film  was Broken Laws, which was about the bad effects of overindulging children.  The film may exist in a Belgian archive. 

Film Daily Yearbook, 1925

Mrs Wallace Reid Productions advertised in the 1925 Film Daily Yearbook.

Picture-Play Magazine, February, 1926
This photo of Dorothy and the kids accompanied the article "Memories of Wallace Reid."  "I am working, for one must occupy one's time, and I have the children's future to think of. My aim is to produce films. I never considered myself a good actress, and I detest using make-up. So in 'The Red Kimona,' though I codirect, I appear only in the prologue."
Dorothy Davenport's next production was her first credited directorial effort, The Red Kimona (Sometimes spelled The Red Kimono -- spelling of Japanese names in the US was not standardized until World War Two).  This social conscience story was about sex trafficking, then called white slavery.  Dorothy used the real name of the woman whose story she told.  The woman sued and won.  This movie is available from Kino.

Dorothy's social conscience films established her as a producer/director of sensational subjects.

Motion Picture Magazine, July, 1926
I don't know much about Dorothy's next production, The Earth Woman.  It was directed by Walter Lang.  The reviewer found it depressing but truthful, except for "a box-office ending."

I can't find much about her next production, The Silk Woman, also directed by Walter Lang, but it is preserved in an archive.

Photoplay, May, 1928

Dorothy Davenport's next directorial effort was The Road to Ruin, which sounds pretty sordid.   Apparently this one was sponsored by the juvenile courts.

Photoplay, February, 1929

Linda, the story of a girl who married too young, was a silent issued with synchronized music and sound effects.
Dorothy Davenport's next film, Sucker Money, the story of a fake spiritualist, was her first talkie.  She was billed as Dorothy Reid. She co-directed with Melville Shyer.

Film Daily, 01-March-1933
"Entertaining program melodrama exposing spiritualistic racket.  Has excellent exploitation possibilities."
Dorothy Davenport remade The Road to Ruin as a talkie.  She was billed as Mrs Wallace Reid.  She co-directed with Melville Shyer.

Motion Picture Herald, 24-February-1934
 "Once again the screen takes it upon itself to indicate to young people the dangers that lurk in the path of young girls, and to point out to parents the necessity of telling their growing daughters the facts of life."
Dorothy Davenport directed her last movie in 1934.

Photoplay, March, 1934

Film Daily Yearbook, 1940

 Her career continued, writing and producing movies and then television shows until the late 1950s.  She was mostly billed as Dorothy Reid.  She died in 1977.  I am sad to say that I don't remember reading her obituary, if there was one in the San Francisco Chronicle.

Film Daily Yearbook, 1934
 Dorothy acted in Man Hunt.  William Wallace Reid, Jr performed as a baby in a few of his father's films.  He continued acting until the early 1940s.  I remember reading his obituary in 1990 when he died in an airplane crash. His mother wrote The Racing Strain

This post is part of the Early Women Filmmakers Blogathon, hosted by Fritzi at Movies Silently (  Thank you to Fritzi for all the hard work.  Thank you to everyone who visited and I encourage you to read as many posts as you can, and leave comments.  Bloggers love comments. 

This post is my second blogathon post of 2017 and my 47th since 2007.  This is my 30th blogathon.    This page has a list of all my blogathon posts.