100 years ago, on Easter Monday, 1916, the Irish Volunteers and members of the Irish Citizen Army and the Cumann na mBan rose up against the British occupation in Dublin and declared the Irish Republic. The British stopped them and executed their leaders. This heavy-handed response led to increased support for Irish independence.
Seán O'Casey wrote a play, The Plough and the Stars, which premiered in 1926. The last two acts take place during the rising. In 1936, director John Ford adapted it into a movie starring Henry Fonda and Barbara Stanwyck.